Christianity in the 21st Century 


Making sense out of Christianity and contemporary Science 

The twenty first century is characterized by the ubiquitous ability to access information. Sophisticated technology has been mastered by large segments of the population. The awareness of the contextual nature of knowledge and reasoning has challenged our basic understanding of the world. There is a challenge to our intuitive notion of what the world is that was formed in earlier centuries by the form of rationality idealized in the Enlightenment. Frequently these challenges are interpreted also as a challenge to Christianity. Some portions of Christianity are still communicating the Christian faith based on modernistic ideals having adopted some of the ideals and norms of reasoning developed a few centuries ago and assume that faith and the understanding of Scripture must be following Enlightenment principles. Therefore it is easy to think that the contemporary challenge to Enlightenment thought is also applicable to Christianity. However, that is only true if one believes that the Christian faith must be that what is communicated by Christian fundamentalism. The problem here is the lack of insight into the history of Christian thought and ancient cultures that would help to develop a more accurate understanding of faith and Scripture. If one looks at the content of Scripture and the historical experiences of people of faith over thousands of years then one sees a surprising harmony between what contemporary science discovers about the world and what is expressed in Scripture.

Divine Action in the Framework of Scientific Thinking

From Quantum Theory to Divine Action

During the Enlightenment, many theologians gave up the claim that God could act in the universe because the world was envisioned to be completely describable by scientific laws and therefore there was no space left where God could act.

Surprisingly the development of quantum theory has resulted in the discovery of limits to causality. Now an account for divine action compatible with scientific theories is possible.

The book investigates the concept of divine intervention as envisioned in the nineteenth century, surveys the development of quantum theory and of theories of divine action starting from William James�s idea of an indeterministic universe, ending with the contemporary approaches by Robert Russell and Nancey Murphy and finally proposes a new theory of divine action as a holistic act, analogous to personal agency, through quantum determination.

316 pages, 5 figures, 8 tables. 9x6 inch.
Paperback, Hardcover: US$29.95 + shipping and handling.
Abstract Excerpt
2005 Presentation in Oxford, UK: Einstein, God and Time
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